From R&D Innovation to Academic Capitalism in Finland
Keywords:Finland, academic capitalism, higher education policy, competitiveness, knowledge economies
Higher education policy in Finland has shifted toward academic capitalism as an extension to new demands for competitiveness placed on higher education institutions. The Finnish Ministry of Education has been involved for some time in reforming the Finnish higher education system with the aim of increasing outputs in research innovations and laying the groundwork for academic capitalism. In other words, political guidance has sought to reform research as a qualitative change, rather than commit to increasing investment. Looking at the statistical indicators of Finnish research and development, particularly in the context of Finnish universities, shows how in practice Finland has introduced ideas of academic capitalism locally by moving away from basic funding into a more competition-driven funding system. Competitive logics are filtered down from the level of national higher education policy to university level through policy tools, such as performance-based funding. Furthermore, the Finnish system shows a relatively high susceptibility to political control, which can be viewed as a challenge to substantive academic autonomy.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Mikko Poutanen
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Authors contributing to Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration agree to publish their articles under a Creative Commons CC BY-NC 4.0 license. This means means articles are free for anybody to read and download, and to copy and disseminate for non-commercial purposes as long as appropriate credit is given, a link is provided to the license, and any changes made are clearly indicated. Authors retain copyright of their work.