Ancient Israelite Scribal Apprenticeships




hebrew bible, apprenticeships, scribal practices, ancient education


This article applies the anthropological model of apprenticeship learning as articulated by Jean Lave and Etienne Wegner to the study of ancient Israelite scribalism.  Apprenticeship learning created scribal “communities of practice,” and this can be identified in the ancient Hebrew inscriptional record as well as biblical texts.  The main Hebrew term for an “apprentice” is naʿar, and this term appears on Hebrew seals and seal impressions. Scribal skills were learned in a variety of professions such as administrators, soldiers, merchants, prophets, and priests, and each of these professions would have had their own “community of practice.” The close-knit relationships forged by apprenticeship learning is reflected in the use of familial language such as “son of” to express different professional scribal communities.




How to Cite

Schniedewind, W. M. (2023). Ancient Israelite Scribal Apprenticeships. Svensk Exegetisk Årsbok , 88(1), 54–76.

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