Going from Analogue to Digital: A Study of Documentation Methods during an Excavation of the Neolithic Flint Mines at Pilbladet, Sweden


  • Åsa Ottosson Berggren Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Lund University & Sydsvensk Arkeologi AB
  • Anders Gutehall Sydsvensk Arkeologi AB




digital turn, archaeological theory, digital archaeology, documentation methods, hand drawing, photogrammetry, digital mapping, GIS, contract archaeology


The ‘digital turn’ in archaeology has resulted in documentation, analysis, visualization and repository requirements becoming increasingly digital in recent years. However, we are only at the beginning of understanding how the shift from analogue to digital affects archaeological interpretation, as attention has mainly been directed towards technological aspects. However, how archaeology is executed influences the production of archaeological knowledge, and additional research into digital practices and their consequences is needed. During the latest excavation in 2014 of the Neolithic flint mines of Södra Sallerup, in Malmö in southern Sweden, several recording methods were used to document the remains in plan, including hand drawing, digital mapping with GPS and digital photography using a camera mounted on a pole. The records were used to create both a digital plan as well as georeferenced orthophotos from a 3D model and from photomosaic. The aim was to produce a record comparable to previous documentation from decades of archaeological excavations of the flint mines in the area, as well as one that is up-to-date with today’s digital standards. The methods are described and their consequences for the archaeological results are discussed.


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How to Cite

Berggren, Åsa O. . and Gutehall, A. (2021) “Going from Analogue to Digital: A Study of Documentation Methods during an Excavation of the Neolithic Flint Mines at Pilbladet, Sweden”, Current Swedish Archaeology, 26(1), pp. 119–158. doi: 10.37718/CSA.2018.10.



Research Articles