Building Bridges Between Burial Archaeology and the Archaeology of Death – Where Is the Archaeological Study of the Dead Going


  • Liv Nilsson Stutz Emory University Department of Anthropology



Download data is not yet available.


Agarwal, S. C. & Glencross, B. A. 2011. (Eds.) Social Bioarchaeology. Malden, MA: Wiley Blackwell.

Anderson Beck, L. 1995. (Ed.) Regional Approaches to Mortuary Analysis. New York: Plenum.

Artelius, T. 2004. Minnesmakarnas verkstad: Om vikingatida bruk av äldre gravar och begravningsplatser. In: Berggren, Å., Arvidsson, S. & Hållans, A.-M. (Eds.) Minne och Myt – Konsten att skapa det förflutna. Pp. 99–120. Lund: Nordic Aca- demic Press.

Barkan, E. 2002. Amending Historical Injustices: The Restitution of Cultural Property – An Overview. In: Barkan, E. & Busch, R. (Eds.). Claiming the Stones: Naming the Bones. Cultural Property and the Negotiation of National and Ethnic Identity. Los Angeles: The Getty Research Institute.

Berggren, Å, & Nilsson Stutz, L. 2010. From Spectator to Critic and Participant: A New Role for Archaeology in Ritual Studies. Journal of Social Archaeology 10(2):171– 197.

Binford, L. 1972. Mortuary Practices: Their Study and Their Potential. In: Binford, L. (Ed.) An Archaeological Perspective. New York: Academic Press.

Brown, J. 1971. Approaches to the Social Dimensions of Mortuary Practices. Memoir 1. Washington, DC: Society for American Archaeology.

Buikstra, J. & Anderson Beck, L. 2006. Bioarchaeology. The Contextual Analysis of Human Remains. Burlington, MA: Elsevier.

Chapman, R. Kinnes, I., Randsborg, K. 1981. (Eds.) The Archaeology of Death. Cam- bridge: Cambridge University Press.

Chesson, M. 2016. Risky Business: A Life Full of Obligations to the Dead and the Liv- ing on the Early Bronze Age Southeastern Dead Sea Plain, Jordan. In Fleisher, J. & Norman, N. (Eds.). The Archaeology of Anxiety: The Materiality of Anxiousness, Worry, and Fear. New York: Springer. 41–65.

Crossland, Z. 2000. Buried Lives. Forensic Archaeology and the Disappeared in Ar- gentina. Archaeological Dialogues 7(2):146–159.

Crubézy, E., Masset, C., Lorans, E., Perrin, F. and Tranoy, L. 2000. Archéologie funé- raire. Paris: Editions Errance.

De Leon, J. 2012. “Better to Be Hot than Caught”: Excavating the Conflicting Roles of Migrant Material Culture. American Anthropologist 114(3):447–495.

De Leon, J. 2013. Undocumented Migration, Use Wear, and the Materiality of Habi- tual Suffering in the Sonoran Desert. Journal of Material Culture 18(4):321–345.

Dibble, H. L., Chase, P. G., McPherron, S. P., & Tuffreau, A. (1997). Testing the Reality of a “Living Floor” with Archaeological Data. American Antiquity 62(4):629–651.

Duday, H. 2009. The Archaeology of the Dead: Lectures in Archaeothanatology. Ox- ford: Oxbow.

Duday, H., Courtaud, P., Crubézy, E., Sellier, P., & Tillier, A.-M. 1990. L’anthropologie “de terrain”: Reconnaissance et interpretation des gestes funéraires. Bulletins et Mé- moires de la Société d’Anthropologie de Paris 2 (3–4):29–50.

Duday, H. & Masset, C. 1987. Anthropologie physique et archéologie: Méthodes d’étude des sepultures. Paris: Editions CNRS.

Eriksson, G. 2004. Part-Time Farmers or Hard-Core Sealers? Västerbjers studied By Means of Stable Isotope Analysis. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 23(2):135–162.

Eriksson, G. 2007. Immigrant, Returnee, or Commuter? In: Hårdh, B., Jennbert, K., and Olausson, D. (Eds.). Pp. 188–192. On the Road: Studies in Honor of Lars Larsson.

Fahlander, F. 2003. The Materiality of Serial Practice: A Microarchaeology of Burial. Gothenburg: GOTARC Serie B, No. 23.

Fahlander, F. 2008. A Piece of the Mesolithic: Horizontal Stratigraphy and Bodily Mani- pulations at Skateholm. In: Fahlander, F. & Østigaard, T. (Eds.). The Materiality of Death. Pp. 29–45. Oxford: Archaeopress.

Fahlander, F. 2014. Djur och människor: Posthumanistiska perspektiv på yngre järnålderns gravar. In: Alexandersson, H; Andreeff, A. & Bünz, A. (Eds.). Med hjärta och hjärna: En vänbok till Elisabeth Arwill-Nordbladh. Pp. 237–250. Göte- borg: Univ.

Fahlander, F. & Oestigaard, T. 2008. (Eds.) The Materiality of Death: Bodies, Burials and Beliefs. Oxford: Archaeopress.

Fleisher, J. & Norman, N. 2016. (Eds.) The Archaeology of Anxiety: The Materiality of Anxiousness, Worry, and Fear. New York: Springer.

Flohr Sørensen, T. 2016. Hammers and Nails: A Response to Lindstrøm and to Olsen and Witmore. Archaeological Dialogues 23(1):115–127.

Fornander, E., Eriksson, G. & Lidén, K. 2008. Wild at Heart: Approaching Pitted Ware Identity, Economy and Cosmology through Stable Isotopes in Skeletal Material from the Neolithic Site Korsnäs in Eastern Central Sweden. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 27(3):281–297.

Fowler, C. 2004. The Archaeology of Personhood: An Anthropological Approach. London: Routledge.

Frayer, D. & Martin, D.1997. (Eds.) Troubled Times. Violence and Warfare in the Past. Taylor and Francis.

Fu, Q., Posth, C., Hajdinjak, M., Petr, M., Mallick, S., Fernandes, D., … Reich, D. (2016). The Genetic History of Ice Age Europe. Nature, advance online publication.

Gansum, T. 2002. Fra jord til handling. In: Jennbert, K., Andrén, A. & Raudvere, C. (Eds.). Plats och praxis: Studier av nordisk förkristen ritual. Pp. 249–286. Lund: Nordic Academic Press.

Goldstein, L. 1981. One-dimensional Archaeology and Multi-dimensional People: Spa- tial Organisation and Mortuary Analysis. In: Chapman, R., Kinnes, I. & Randsborg, K. (Eds.). The Archaeology of Death. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 53–69.

Gräslund, B. 1987. The Birth of Prehistoric Chronology. Cambridge: Cambridge Uni- versity Press.

Gray Jones, A. 2011. Dealing with the Dead: Manipulation of the Body in the Mortu- ary Practices of Mesolithic North-west Europe. PhD Thesis, Manchester Univer- sity. Accessible at

Hamilakis, Y., Pluciennik, M., and Tarlow, S. (Eds.) Thinking through the Body: Ar- chaeologies of Corporeality. New York: Kluwer/Plenum Press.

Hammar, H. B. 2011. Det handlar om människovärde. Helsingborgs Dagblad, 19 De- cember 2011.

Harlin, E.-K. 2007. Repatriation as knowledge sharing – Returning the Sámi cultural heritage. In: Gabriel. M. & Dahl, J. (Eds.). Utimut: Past Heritage – Future Part- nerships – Discussions on Repatriation in the 21st Century. Pp. 192–200. Copen- hagen: IWGIA.

Hawkes, C. 1954 Archaeological Theory and Method: Some Suggestions from the Old World. American Anthropologist 56(2): 155–168.

Hejjl, L. 2007. Forntider. En utställning på Historiska museet i Stockholm. Arkæo- logisk Forum nr. 16, Maj 2007.

Hubert, J. 2000. (Ed.) Madness, Disability and Social Exclusion: The Archaeology and Anthropology of ‘Difference’. London: Routledge.

Jensen, C. K. & Høilund Nielsen, K. 1997. (Eds.) Burial and Society: The Chronological and Social Analysis of Archaeological Burial Data. Aarhus: Aarhus University Press.

Kaliff, A. & Østigaard, T. 2013. Kaliff, A. & Østigård, T. 2013. Cremation and Cosmo- logy – A Comparative Archaeological Introduction. Kremation och kosmologi – en komparativ arkeologisk introduktion. Uppsala: Occasional Papers in Archaeology 56.

Klevnäs, A. 2015. Abandon Ship! Digging out the Dead from the Vendel Boat Graves. Norwegian Archaeological Review 48(1): 1–20.

Knüsel, C. & Gowland, R. 2009. (Eds.) The Social Archaeology of Funerary Remains. Oxford: Oxbow.

Kuijt, I., Quinn, C. P. & Cooney, G. 2014 (Eds.) Transformation by Fire: The Archae- ology of Cremation in Cultural Context. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.

Larsson, Å. 2009. Breaking and Making Bodies and Pots. Material and Ritual Prac- tices in Sweden in the Third Millennium BC. Uppsala: AUN 40.

Lidén, K. & Eriksson. G. 2013. Archaeology vs Archaeological Science. Do We Have a Case? Current Swedish Archaeology 21:11–19,

Lidén, K., Eriksson, G., Nordqvist, B., Götherström. A. & Bendixen, E. 2004. “The Wet and the Wild Followed by the Dry and the Tame? – or Did They Occur at the Same Time? Diet in Mesolithic Neolithic Southern Sweden. Antiquity 78(299):23–33.

Lidén, K. , Olsson, A. & Eriksson, G. 2003. Nitrogen Isotope Analysis of Deciduous Teeth: A Tool for Tracing Weaning Patterns. In: Eriksson, G. Norm and Difference: Stone Age Dietary Practice in the Baltic Region. Stockholm: Doctoral Dissertation.

Lindström, T. C. 2015. Agency ‘in Itself’: A Discussion of Inanimate, Animal and Hu- man Agency. Archaeological Dialogues 22(2):207–238.

Malmström. H. et al. 2009. Ancient DNA Reveals Lack of Continuity between Neolithic Hunter-Gatherers and Contemporary Scandinavians. Current Biology 19(20):1758– 1762.

Malmström H. et al. 2015 Ancient Mitochondrial DNA from the Northern Fringe of the Neolithic Farming Expansion in Europe Sheds Light on the Dispersion Process. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 370: 20130373. http://dx.doi. org/10.1098/rstb.2013.0373.

Martin, D. L. & Frayer, D. W. 1997. (Eds.) Troubled Times: Violence and Warfare in the Past. Amsterdam: Gordon and Breach Publishers.

Martin, D. L., Harrod, R. P. Pérez, V. R. 2012. (Eds.) The Bioarchaeology of Violence. Gainsville, FL: University Press of Florida.

Martin, D. L. & Osterholtz 2016. (Eds.) Bodies and Lives in Ancient America: Health Before Columbus. London: Routledge.

Montelius, O. 1885. Om tidsbestämning inom bronsåldern med särskildt avseende på Skandinavien. Stockholm: Kongl. Boktryckeriet. P. A. Nordstedt & söner.

Murphy, E. M. 2008. (Ed.) Deviant Burial in the Archaeological Record (Studies in Funerary Archaeology). Oxford: Oxbow.

Nilsson Stutz, L. 2003. Embodied Rituals and Ritualized Burials: Tracing Ritual Prac- tices in late Mesolithic burials. Stockholm: Almqvist och Wiksell International.

Nilsson Stutz, L. 2007. Archaeology, Identity, and the Right to Culture. Anthropologi- cal Perspectives on Repatriation. Current Swedish Archaeology 15:1–16.

Nilsson Stutz, L. 2008a. Capturing Mortuary Ritual: An Attempt to Harmonize Ar- chaeological Method and Theory. In: Fogelin, L. (Ed.). Religion, Archaeology and the Material World. Carbondale, Ill: Southern Illinois University Carbondale Oc- casional Papers. 159–178.

Nilsson Stutz, L. 2008b. More than Metaphor: Approaching the Human Cadaver in Archaeology. In: Fahlander, F. & Østigaard, T. (Eds.). The Materiality of Death. Oxford: Archaeopress. 19–28.

Nilsson Stutz, L. 2012. Vi berättar om vår historia. Helsingborgs Dagblad 16 January 2012.

Nilsson Stutz, L. 2013. Claims to the Past: A Critical View of the Arguments Driving Repatriation of Cultural Heritage and Their Role in Contemporary Identity Poli- tics. Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding 7(2):170–195.

Nilsson Stutz, L. 2016a. The Importance of “Getting it Right”: Tracing Anxiety in Mes- olithic Burial Rituals. In: Fleisher, J. & Norman, N. (Eds.). The Archaeology of Anxi- ety: The Materiality of Anxiousness, Worry, and Fear. New York: Springer. 21–40.

Nilsson Stutz, L. 2016b. To Gaze upon the Dead: The Exhibition of Human Remains as Cultural Practice and Political Process in Scandinavia and the United States. In: Williams, H. & Giles, M. (EDS.) Archaeologists and the Dead. Pp: 268-292. Ox- ford: Oxford University Press..

Ojala, C. G. 2009. Sámi Prehistories: The Politics of Archaeology and Identity in Northernmost Europe. Uppsala: OPIA.

Ojala, C. G. 2010. Arkeologisk etik och återförandefrågan – diskussioner i Sverige. Muinaistutkija. – Helsinki: Suomen arkeologinen seura, no. 2: 37–50

Olsen, B. & Witmore, C. 2015. Archaeology, Symmetry and the Ontology of Things: A Response to Critics. Archaeological Dialogues 22(2):187–197.

Orrenius, N. 2005. Här kan Dombrowsky få vila i frid. Sydsvenska Dagbladet, 10 February 2005.

O’Shea, J. 1984. Mortuary Variability: An Archaeological Investigation. Orlando, FL: Academic Press.

Overton, N. J. & Hamilakis, Y. 2013. A Manifesto for a Social Zooarchaeology. Swans and Other Beings in the Mesolithic. Archaeological Dialogues 20(2):111–136.

Pader, E. J. 1980. Material Symbolism and Social Relations in Mortuary Studies. In: Rahtz, P., Dickinson, T. & Watts, L. (Eds.). Anglo-Saxon Cemeteries 1979. The Fourth Anglo-Saxon Symposium at Oxford. Oxford: BAR British Series 82.

Parker Pearson, M. 1999. The Archaeology of Death and Burial. Phoenix Mill: Sut- ton Publishing Limited.

Peyroteo Stjerna, R. 2016. On Death in the Mesolithic. Or the Mortuary Practices of the Last Hunters-Gatherers of the South-Western Iberian Peninsula, 7th–6th Mil- lennium BCE. Uppsala: OPIA 60.

Renshaw, L. 2011. Exhuming Loss. Memory, Materiality and Mass Graves of the Span- ish Civil War. Walnut Creek, CA: West Coast Press.

Reynolds, A. 2014 (Ed.) Anglo-Saxon Deviant Burial Customs. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Saxe. A. A. 1970. Social Dimensions of Mortuary Practices. PhD thesis. University of Michigan. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Microfilms.

Simonti, C. N., Vernot, B., Bastarache, L., Bottinger, E., Carrell, D. S., Chisholm, R. L., … Capra, J. A. (2016). The Phenotypic Legacy of Admixture between Modern Humans and Neandertals. Science 351(6274):737–741.

Sjöstrand, J. 2008. Sverige återlämnar australiska kvarlevor från museum. SvD, 20 February 2008. museum/om/kultur

Skoglund, P. et al. 2012 Origins and Genetic Legacy of Neolithic Farmers and Hunter- Gatherers in Europe. Science 336(6080):466–469.

Sofaer, J. 2006. The Body As Material Culture: A Theoretical Osteoarchaeology. Cam- bridge: Cambridge University Press.

Sturdy Coles, C. 2013. Holocaust Archaeology: Archaeological Approaches to Land- scapes of Nazi Genocide and Persecution. Journal of Conflict Archaeology 7(2): 70–104.

Svedstad, A. 2013. What Happened in Neiden? On the Question of Reburial Ethics. Norwegian Archaeological Review 46(2):194–222.

Tarlow, S. 1999. Bereavement and Commemoration: An Archaeology of Mortality. Oxford: Blackwell.

Tarlow, S. 2000. Emotion in Archaeology. Current Anthropology 41(5): 713–746. Tarlow, S. 2010. Ritual, Belief and the Dead in Early Modern Britain and Ireland. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Tarlow, S. & Stutz, L. 2013. The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Thompson, T. 2015. (Ed.) The Archaeology of Cremation: Burnt Human Remains in Funerary Studies. Oxford: Oxbow.

Torv, M. 2016. Persistent Practices. A Multi-Disciplinary Study of Hunter-Gatherer Mortuary Remains from c. 6500–2600 cal. BC, Estonia. Tartu: Dissertationes Ar- chaeologiae Universitatis Tartuensis 5.

Ucko, P. 1969. Ethnography and archaeological interpretation of funerary remains. World Archaeology 1:262–280.

Vernot, B., Tucci, S., Kelso, J., Schraiber, J. G., Wolf, A. B., Gittelman, R. M., … Akey, J. M. (2016). Excavating Neandertal and Denisovan DNA from the genomes of Mel- anesian individuals. Science, aad9416.

Villa, P. (1982). Conjoinable Pieces and Site Formation Processes. American Antiquity 47(2):276–290.

Weiss-Kreici, E. 2001. Restless Corpses: ‘Secondary Burial’ in the Babenberg and Hab- sburg Dynasties. Antiquity 75(290):769–780.

Williams, H. 1998. The Ancient Monument in Romano-British Ritual Practices. TRAC

Proceedings of the Seventh Annual Theoretical Roman Archaeology Confer- ence. Oxford.

Williams, H. 2003. Archaeologies of Remembrance. Death and Memory in Past Soci- eties. London: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.

Williams, H. 2006. Death and Memory in Early Medieval Britain. Cambridge: Cam- bridge University Press.

Witmore, C. 2007. Symmetrical Archaeology: Excerpts of a Manifesto. World Archaeology 39:546–62.




How to Cite

Nilsson Stutz, L. (2016) “Building Bridges Between Burial Archaeology and the Archaeology of Death – Where Is the Archaeological Study of the Dead Going”, Current Swedish Archaeology, 26(1), pp. 13–35. doi: 10.37718/CSA.2016.01.