Support to Women Entrepreneurs – of Many Kinds and for Many Reasons


  • Elisabeth Sundin Department of Business Administration, IEI Linköping university 



Support for entrepreneurship, Women, The problem approach, Garbage can, Sweden


“Entrepreneurship “ has a positive connotation. The concept of “entrepreneurship” is, however, hard to define, and consequently the  “ hunt for Entrepreneurs” takes place in a haze (Berglund, 2007).  There is no  consensus in research on what constitutes entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship. Examples of different points of view, include whether or not entrepreneurship is a process or if it is connected to an individual or maybe a collective rather than to one person (Steyart & Landström, 2011).   Often, in practice as well as in research, small firm owners and the self-employed are equated with entrepreneurship and consequently, small, new firms are supposed to be more innovative than big, old ones (Blackburn & Kovalainen, 2008). In practice, we know that far from all small firms and small firm owners are entrepreneurial in the established research-definitions of the concept, and that on the other hand, entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship can be found in all kinds of organizations (Hjorth, 2012; Kovalainen & Sundin,  2012). In this article the terms entrepreneurs and small-firm-owners/self-employed/owner-managers will be used  as synonyms, as that is how they are used in the empirical material.


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Author Biography

Elisabeth Sundin, Department of Business Administration, IEI Linköping university 

Elisabeth Sundin is professor emerita at Linköping university. She has been studying entrepreneurship and small and medium sized firms from many perspectives. Her main interests are relations between small and large organisations, including public organisations, and gender and age in all kinds of organisations.




How to Cite

Sundin, E. (2016). Support to Women Entrepreneurs – of Many Kinds and for Many Reasons. Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration, 20(4), 91–113.



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