The Metaphysics of Religious Diversity: From Homogenizing Theological Agendas to Conceptual Justice


  • Mikel Burley University of Leeds



John Hick, Hinduism, metaphysics, religious diversity, religious pluralism, ultimate reality


An increasing number of voices have been calling for philosophy of religion to expand beyond a preoccupation with the “rationality of theism.” Religious pluralist theories of religious diversity might be expected to exemplify a broader scope; in practice, however, such theories are often hampered by theological agendas that prioritize convergence over attention to differences. Focusing on approaches to the metaphysics of religious diversity, this article distinguishes between (a) approaches that prioritize the discovery of the fundamental truth behind specific forms of metaphysical belief and (b) approaches that foreground the variety of metaphysical beliefs held by diverse religious communities. Although these approaches need not be incompatible, the former is apt to emphasize homogeneity whereas the latter encourages awareness of nuance and variegation. Taking diversity among Hindu conceptions of the divine as a case in point, the article seeks to make conceptual space for a philosophy of religious diversity that is radically pluralist and critically descriptive.


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How to Cite

Burley, M. (2024). The Metaphysics of Religious Diversity: From Homogenizing Theological Agendas to Conceptual Justice. AGATHEOS – European Journal for Philosophy of Religion, 1(1), 97–115.

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