‘Not Folk Metal, but...’

Online intercultural musicking in ‘the Grove’


  • Daniel Fredriksson Dalarna University




Folk Metal, netnography, social media, nterculturality, nationalism, musicking


In the Facebook group The Folk Metal Grove, its members manifest, explore and celebrate the musical genre called Folk Metal. The ‘Grovers’ come together in a playful performance and celebration of an idealized past, emically labelled folkyness. In this article, a ‘netnographic’ approach is used to explore how Folk Metal is constructed, negotiated and made meaningful through musicking in this community with the aim to discuss aspects of Folk Metal, ideology, genre and online culture. The group can be understood as a living space involving not only the circulation of music but also the development of meaning, collective memory and norms as well as real-life, often intercultural, connections. Earlier research has shown how Folk Metal in some ways can be seen as accentuating central aspects of heavy metal, but some ways in which Folk Metal is made meaningful within the Grove seem rather to connect to a will to transgress the sonic and cultural boundaries of metal. For the group members the music seems to serve as a space to go beyond metal when it comes to which instruments to play, which languages to sing in, which stories to tell and which emotions to feel.


Daniel Fredriksson, Dalarna University

Daniel Fredriksson is a senior lecturer in Sound and Music Production at Dalarna University, Sweden. After finishing his doctoral degree in ethnomusicology at Umeå University in 2018, on music and cultural policy, he has studied diverse subjects such as music and interculturality, folk music and world music instruments, and festivals and theatre production during the pandemic age. He is an active musician and has explored local folk music traditions of northern Sweden in the duo Pettersson & Fredriksson and with singer Ulrika Bodén, as well as folk metal in the bands Otyg and (more recently) Solsaate.




Referera så här

Fredriksson, D. (2021). ‘Not Folk Metal, but.’: Online intercultural musicking in ‘the Grove’. Svensk Tidskrift för Musikforskning Swedish Journal of Music Research, 103, 111–126. https://doi.org/10.58698/stm-sjm.v103i.10369




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